The appeals court



Audio commentary voice : Sarah Lafaye, CRT

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Under the ancient regime, justice was dealt with in royal courts of law, at different levels, such as seneschal’s courts, presidial courts or parliamentary courts, who ruled on the most serious cases. There were also many seigneurial courts of law who dealt with minor disputes. Just like nowadays, people could appeal court decisions they found unfair. In the middle of the 15th century, an appeal court was set up in Ségur. It was called « cour des appeaux ». This court was in charge of ruling verdicts in over 150 seigneurial jurisdictions throughout the Vicounty of Limoges and the County of Périgueux. If a further appeal was filed, the case was presented before the royal parliament of Bordeaux.

This court was extremely busy in Ségur, with the constant rush of magistrates, plaintiffs and litigants. However, it closed down in 1750, by a king’s edict, as it was considered as being too isolated, geographically.

Photos Credits :
– Roi rendant la justice, pl 24, extrait de l‘Album de Villard de Honnecourt. © Gallica, BNF.
– Fonctionnement de la Justice sous l’Ancien Régime. © Région Nouvelle Aquitaine, Inventaire général du Patrimoine culturel. S. Casenove, 2017.
– La justice seigneuriale : le seigneur rend justice dans une grande salle du château. © BNF.
– Fonctionnement de la Justice seigneuriale. © Région Nouvelle Aquitaine, Inventaire général du Patrimoine culturel. S. Casenove, 2017.
– Acte de greffe des appeaux de Ségur, 1675. © Archives départementales de la Corrèze, Fonds Clément, côte 6FI157-5.
– Acte de greffe des appeaux de Ségur, 1715. © Archives départementales de la Corrèze, Fonds Clément, côte 6FI157-8.
– Extrait des registres de la cour des appeaux, 1713. © Archives départementales de la Corrèze, Fonds Clément, côte 6FI157-4.
– Edit du Roi supprimant la cour des appeaux. © Archives départementales de la Corrèze, Fonds Clément, côte 6FI157.
– Edit du Roi supprimant la cour des appeaux (détail). © Archives départementales de la Corrèze, Fonds Clément, côte 6FI157.

Etapes suivantes

On the riverside

The appeals court

From the 15th to the 18th centuries, Ségur was home to an Appeals Court, called « cour des appeaux », which contributed to the development the town’s economy and resulted in the construction of many mansions.

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